Category Archives: training

Pharmacy Choices

Last week, we ran into a problem at the hospital. It brought right to the forefront a complicated, potentially upsetting dilemma faced by veterinarians and pet owners. I’ve carefully avoided preachy blog posts about the costs involved with pet medications. It’s a topic I can’t cover from an entirely fair position and I’ll admit that up front. I’ll do my best to stay objective.

Online pet pharmacies sell pet medications. They are usually cheaper than at the local vet hospital. Veterinary hospitals can’t purchase medications in enough quantity to be able to offer the prices that online pharmacies do. Some companies offer prices that, if we matched them, would cause the hospital to lose money on the sale. We simply can’t do this and stay in business.

Large retailers are now offering, and heavily advertising, pet medications as well. These prices are also lower than at most veterinary hospitals. Prices, again, may be due to buying in high volume, or a strategy to serve as a loss leader. We simply don’t know.

Lastly, some medications are human meds that we use in veterinary patients. Those are also sold by any human pharmacy. Sometimes those prices are lower than what we can offer. The reasons are the same as above.

At this point, it certainly seems like veterinarians and vet hospitals are crying over a loss of revenue. To some degree, that’s true. We’re having to find new ways to serve our clients fairly and well with the loss of revenue from some medications. I think that everyone understands our need to pay and educate our staff well, to have good equipment and supplies, and so on. All professions, all private businesses, all corporations, set out to make a living from their work.

So what’s the catch? There are several. I’m going to use heartworm prevention as an example. The manufacturers of heartworm prevention products generally sell their products directly to vets or through a licensed/approved distributor. The manufacturers tell us that they only sell this way, and that they don’t sell to online pharmacies or retail outlets. Somehow, the products end up at other retailers, though. There are only two plausible reasons: vets buy tons of product and sell it to other retailers, or the manufacturers are selling to retail outlets.

If the products are purchased by vets and sold to other retailers, that’s called diversion, or “gray market” sales. The manufacturer’s can’t safely say that their products were handled properly, stored in the proper conditions, or are free from tampering. As a result, the manufacturers won’t guarantee those products. You’ll have to deal with the retail outlet. And, of course, I’d hope that your veterinarian can help out. The trouble is, if your heartworm prevention doesn’t work the way it’s supposed to, your pet could be the one that suffers. Nobody wants that, not the vet, not the retail outlet, not the owner.

The situation that prompted this post occurred with one of our clients. They requested a written prescription for heartworm prevention for their cat. They took it to a local human pharmacy that was offering pet medications. The store didn’t have what we’d scripted in stock, and told the owner to see if the dog version would work just as well. Thankfully, the owner called and asked rather than just taking the medication home. It wouldn’t have harmed the cat, but the medication was different from the cat version — including an additional ingredient not in the cat product.

As far as I’m aware, human pharmacists and pharmacy staff do not often have any official training on veterinary medications. I’m hopeful that the retail chains offering pet medications will provide education and training for the staff there. If they haven’t, or they don’t, it’s far from an ideal situation. I’m not trying to say that pharmacists are bad people or that they don’t care. They’re probably just as uncomfortable with the situation as we are.

So what’s our take on the situation? We feel that the health and safety of your pet should be in the hands of properly trained professionals. Vets, vet techs, and even our reception staff have been trained to know which medications are the appropriate choices. They’re familiar with the products we carry. The manufacturers guarantee their products’ safety and effectiveness when you purchase through a vet hospital.

While I firmly believe that everyone involved in the practice of vet med and pharmacy has a desire to help keep pets healthy, the simple fact remains that your vet hospital is the best educated advocate for your pet’s well-being. I want all of our clients — and all pet owners — to make an informed choice.



Filed under ethics, medication, medicine, practice, safety, training



A research group at Duke University has created a series of tests that help you identify what kind of personality and cognition your dog has. For a fee of $60, you can buy a kit that will allow you to play games with your dog, which in turn lets you understand how they think and perceive.

There’s a brief CBS news article here.

Visit the Dognition Home Page here.

The Dognition Blog has a lot more interesting stuff, too. Don’t miss it!
Dognition Profiles.
What will you learn from Dognition?
Dognition and Citizen Science

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Filed under behavior, human interest, socialization, training

Guest Post : A Labrador Retriever’s First Year

This week’s post was written by Valerie, one of our techs. She decided to share some of her knowledge on a popular, common breed of dog in our practice. It’s a subject she knows a lot about thanks to her many years of breeding and raising puppies. Here’s what she has to say about Labrador Retrievers:

Labrador Retrievers are one of the best family and working breeds there is, in my opinion. There are few animals that are as lovable as a dog, and few dogs that are as lovable as a Lab. A first-class retriever has a joyful personality, gentle nature, and good looks to boot. Labs are our faithful companions and assistants, bringing laughter, comfort, and courage.

The first year of a Lab’s life is the most important, and having the traits hat a lab has, keeping a healthy, happy, and well-mannered Lab puppy is very important. This actually begins with the mother passing on traits to her litters.

A breeder working with and taking care of the puppies from day one helps with a well-adjusted transition when a new owner takes a puppy home. [Dr.H notes: Puppies are most easily socialized from 3-12 weeks. New experiences are accepted without fear during this period, after which it’s much harder to make ‘new’ be a comfortable experience.]

To help with the transition in a new home, an owner should have something that can be taken home with the litter’s scent on it. This provides something familiar for the puppy. There is a calming pheromone spray/diffuser that can be used. A chew treat that has natural calming effects can be given daily as well. Keeping a puppy on a schedule helps support a calm, happy transition and makes it easier to start training.

Training basics can be started at home. Simple things like sit and stay are easy to teach. Using a treat or praise for a reward helps. Housebreaking is also very important. Keeping to a set schedule helps the puppy learn when and where to go to the bathroom. Training should continue through the whole first year of life. Having a trainer come to the house or going to obedience classes is a great idea.

As a Lab puppy ages, they need to be able to chew as an activity and to help them lose their baby teeth. Choosing the correct type of chew toy is very important. Avoid anything with string or parts that can be ingested. Our favorite toy is a Kong for puppies (large breed). Not many puppies will turn down a Kong with a treat placed inside it! Nylabones are also good. Just make sure the package says they are digestible. [Dr.H notes: ALL pets should be observed while chewing as a safety precaution.]

Labrador Retriever and lab mix puppies can be a best friend, a loyal family member and assistant when they have a good, healthy, and well-rounded first year.

A final note from Dr.H: Valerie could have written a twenty page essay on caring for a puppy during the first year. I asked her to just touch on a few topics that she felt were the most important for owners to know about so that we didn’t give you a massive homework assignment to read through on a Sunday. Please contact us with questions or requests for resources to help you through that first year. There’s so much to learn!!


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Filed under dogs, socialization, training

News – Puppy Socialization Video

Today I’m sharing a video put together by the AVMA that talks about socializing young dogs. We’ve had a lot of new puppies this fall (check out their photos on our Facebook page!), so this is a timely topic.

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Filed under behavior, dogs, news, training